Data from the World Health Organization (WHO) has estimated the number of TB cases in countries around the world for 2017.

Lesotho claim top spot for bad news.

  • 10 October, 2018
SAM BLANCHARD … as the country with the highest rate of the deadly TB infection … has the highest rate of TB in Africa, with 665 cases per 100,000 people …1.3 million people around the world died of the infection in 2017, says WHO

The countries where people are most likely to catch the potentially-deadly lung infection tuberculosis have been revealed in a global report.

Data from the World Health Organization (WHO) has estimated the number of TB cases in countries around the world for 2017.

Lesotho, a country contained within South Africa, comes out worst off, with a rate of 665 cases of TB per every 100,000 residents - more than one in every 200 people.

Other danger zones for the infection include South Africa, North Korea and Mongolia, while island holiday destinations like Barbados fared much better.

Tuberculosis is one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide, killing an estimated 1.3 million people last year and is the single most deadly infection.

The WHO released its Global Tuberculosis Report for 2018, which has a country-by-country breakdown of rates of the disease.

African and East Asian nations come off worst in the report, whereas island nations are less affected by the bacterial disease.

India had, by far, the most TB cases in 2017, with 2,740,000, more than three times as many as second-placed China's 889,000.

But because both countries have such big populations, the likelihood of catching it is lower than in smaller countries.

After Lesotho, South Africa had the second most cases (665), then the Philippines (554), followed by Mozambique (551) and Gabon (529).

The remainder of the top 10 is made up by North Korea, Timor-Leste in Asia, the Marshall Islands in the Pacific, Papua New Guinea, and Mongolia.

Wealthier Western countries with modern healthcare are less bothered by TB.

The US had just three cases per 100,000 people, the UK had nine, and Australia and Ireland both seven per 100,000 residents.

Tuberculosis is an infection caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which can affect any part of the body but most commonly the lungs.

In healthy people the bacteria can usually be killed by the immune system, but in some cases the bacteria can cause more serious infections.

Those with weaker immune systems or without good healthcare are more at risk of having serious complications.

Symptoms include coughing, fever and tiredness and, in dangerous cases which go untreated, can destroy the lungs from the inside out and cause people to drown.

Eight countries in the WHO's report didn't record a single case of TB in 2017 - Barbados, the British Virgin Islands, the Cook Islands, Monaco, Montserrat, San Marino, and the Pacific islands of Tokelau, and Wallis and Futuna.

What is Tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection spread between people by coughing and sneezing.

The infection usually affects the lungs but the bacteria can cause problems in any part of the body, including the abdomen, glands, bones and the nervous system.

In healthy people the bacteria are often killed by the immune system or at least prevented from spreading, but in some cases the bacteria can take hold and cause a more serious infection.

TB infection causes symptoms like fever, coughing, night sweats, weight loss, tiredness and fatigue, a loss of appetite and swellings in the neck.

If the immune system fails to contain TB bacteria the infection can take weeks or months to take hold and produce symptoms, and if it is left untreated it can be fatal.

TB is a common cause of death among people with HIV, because it is particularly dangerous for people with weakened immune systems - people with HIV are thought to be up to 27 times more likely to get the disease.

With treatment, TB can almost always be cured with antibiotics and people tend to stop being contagious after about three weeks of therapy.

TB is most common in less developed countries in sub-saharan and west Africa, southeast Asia, Russia, China and South America.

Countries with the most cases of TB (Per 100,000 people, 2017)

Lesotho, Africa (665)

South Africa (567)

Philippines (554)

Mozambique (551)

Gabon, Africa (529)

North Korea (513)

Timor-Leste, Asia (498)

Marshall Islands, Pacific (480)

Papua New Guinea (432)

Mongolia (428) 

Countries with the fewest cases of TB (Per 100,000 people, 2017)

Barbados (0)

British Virgin Islands (0)

Cook Islands (0)

Monaco (0)

Montserrat (0)

San Marino (0)

Tokelau, Pacific (0)

Wallis and Futuna Islands (0)

West Bank and Gaza (1)

United Arab Emirates (1)

Mailonline

Arnold Schwarzenegger

“Strength does not come from winning. Your struggles develop your strengths. When you go through hardships and decide not to surrender, that is strength.” – Arnold Schwarzenegger

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